ALIGHT Pakistan Floods Response
PAKISTAN FLOODS 2022

Pakistan
Floods Appeal

Since June 2022, the monsoon rains have caused enormous floods that have wrecked devastation across Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Gilgit Baltistan, South Punjab, Sindh, and Balochistan. As a result, 84 districts have been formally designated as disaster-affected. Through the loss of life, livelihood, and property, millions have been impacted. According to NDMA, more than 33 million people are currently in urgent need of humanitarian aid. Preliminary analyses of 28 vulnerable districts in Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Sindh indicate that 5.74 million people in flood-affected districts are estimated to be in crisis and emergency phases between September and November 2022, 3.82 million people in IPC Phase 3 and 1.92 million in IPC Phase 4 (OCHA 01/10/2022).

LOSES DUE TO FLOOD

LOSES DUE TO FLOOD

ALIGHT FLOOD RESPONSE

The recent devastating floods in Pakistan have left millions of people homeless, and have resulted in significant loss of life, infrastructure, crops & livestock. Being a human-centered organization, Alight considers it a top priority and responsibility to act swiftly to respond to this humanitarian crisis, and assist the flood affectees.

Through a large network of volunteers and partners, Alight is providing relief support in 21 districts (9 in Sindh, 3 in KP, 3 in GB, 1 in Punjab and 5 in Balochistan) across four Provinces where limited response has reached till now. We started our operation from Sibi, distributing food packets among 150 families.

Alight is utilizing its experience and capacity to address various flood-related challenges, and also collaborating with its partners to provide emergency relief assistance to flood-affected families.

For the upcoming year, Alight will give the highest priority to projects providing a short-term response to address the immediate needs of flood affectees, and undertake longer-term projects focused on the restoration and rebuilding of education and other sectors. The following table lists the districts we are working in:

Sindh Larkana, Qambar Shahdad Kot, Shikarpur, Khairpur, Jacobabad, Dadu, Mirpur Khas, Kashmor, Sukkur 9 Districts
Balochistan Sibi, Jhal Magsi, Naushki, Jaffarabad, Nasirabad 5 Districts
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Kohistan, Dera Ismail Khan, Chitral 3 Districts
Punjab Rajanpur 1 District
Gilgit-Baltistan Ghanche, Ghizer, Gilgit 3 District

Alight is extending its geographical scope through various interventions in 21 districts throughout the flood-affected areas in order to assist the greatest possible number of people during the floods. So far, Alight has provided food, non-food items, Health & Hygiene Kits and Women Dignity Kits for at least 1,705 households, a total of 11,935 people have been reached out to, including 2,871 women, 3,089 men and 5,975 children.

Food Security

Food Security

Non-Food Items (Health & Hygiene, Household/Winterized, Women Dignity Kits)

Non-Food Items

Health Interventions

Safe Mother & Safe Family Project

Safe Mother & Safe Family Project is to care for expectant mothers and infant in flood-affected areas. In order to meet their needs, Alight has unveiled the Safe Mother-Safe Family Project in collaboration with Al-Khidmat Foundation. Through the supply of safe delivery kits and resources to assure the health and hygiene of the mother and new born. The effort seeks to not only ensure safe deliveries but also provide both antenatal and postnatal care. Alight has formed a cluster of most flood affected districts to reach people in need, these districts include Shikarpur, Khairpur and Sukkur the operations have begun in mid of October 2022.

Primary Health Care Intervention

Three rural health centers (RHCs) are being supported by Alight in collaboration with Sungi Development Foundation (2 in Shikarpur and 1 in Khairpur). Alight and Sungi Development Foundation will work together with Department of Health-Sindh, Al-khidmat Foundation and CHAL Foundation to provide, in the First Phase, assistance, ensure improved service delivery and system strengthening of the RHCs. Support is being provided in the form of essential HR, medicines, equipment and required repairs. A need assessment has been completed. Essential medicines and surgical disposables have been delivered to Sukkur. Essential HR is in process of hiring. Further strategies for intervention are being planned and executed. The Second Phase will focus on strengthening and providing similar support to the Basic Health Units (BHUs) catering the identified districts.

Disability Inclusion

Alight in collaboration with Chal Foundation is to support and facilitate the population with disabilities and deformities. A baseline survey is being conducted to identify the demographics and assessment of such patients of the identified districts. Chal Foundation will then mobilize its teams, assess and evaluate the extent, level and type of disability in people and plan intervention strategies to address the issues.

Referral Mechanism

Alight in collaboration with Al-khidmat Foundation has established an efficient and well-coordinated referral mechanism to transfer patients, in need of multi-disciplinary care, from the identified RHCs to different public/private sector secondary/tertiary care hospitals. Pregnant mothers needing any intervention in safe delivery may be transferred to a well-equipped facility, in the heart of Sukkur, operated by Al-khidmat Foundation, saving precious minutes. Alight will facilitate with the provision of drivers and operations of ambulances already present in the identified districts. Al-khidmat will ensure provision of additional ambulatory services where and when needed.

Telemedicine

Alight and envisions provision of quality medical services to the underserved population of these identified remote areas. Medical Professionals from multiple specialties from around Pakistan will be engaged via Telemedicine. Alight will fund and facilitate installation and integration of telemedical equipment/services to these identified RHCs. Medical Professionals from multiple specialties will then be brought on-board to facilitate consultation and services to the patients and community.

Medical Camps

In the light of current morbidity rate in flood affected areas, Alight continues its efforts to help flood victims by hosting medical camps. 62 medical camps were organised by the field team with the assistance of Al-Khidmat Foundation, DWW, IMANA, and the Pakistan Islamic Medical Association (PIMA). During these medical camps, field teams treated flood victims in remote flood-affected areas who had water-borne, viral and communicable diseases.

Education In Emergencies

Being one of the leading agencies for improvement of education indicators in Pakistan, Alight put a high priority on education during emergencies while also attending to the other needs of flood victims. Education is the key to a better future in times of crisis, not just for children and young people but also for entire societies. As a result, in collaboration with its partners, Alight has established 15 TLCs (5 in Punjab and 10 in Sindh). Learning and psychological support have begun in these centres as the flood not only disrupted their education but also disturb their mental health, which may be restored if the young children receive instruction to help them become emotionally and physically stable.

DISASTER OVERVIEW

The torrential rains and devastative floods, since 14 June 2022, caused unprecedented damages in four provinces of Pakistan including Gilgit Baltistan. In 81 districts, the government has declared a state of emergency; at least 33 million people are affected; 1.4K people have died; and 12.7K people have been injured. In total, or partially, 1.77 million homes have been destroyed or damaged. According to reports, the flood has destroyed 269 bridges, damaged 6,675 km of highways, 1.543 medical facilities partially damaged, and 403 that have been completely devastated and 22,000 schools are destroyed. 750,230 animals have also reportedly perished in the storm. 500,000 women are currently pregnant, and many more from flood-affected areas are expecting babies in the upcoming months. Additionally, 4,000,000 children under the age of 5 need immunizations and nutritional treatment, and 700,000 older adults need special care.

Pakistan Map

Pakistan Floods 2022

Key Facts

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Key Facts

Alight’s Singular Focus on Pakistan’s Worst Ever Floods

Given Pakistan’s food, health, subsistence, shelter and educational needs triggered by the floods, and Alight’s capacity and experience, our singular focus in the near and medium-term is Pakistan floods.

Through its robust network of staff, community-based volunteers, partners, and donors, Alight has initiated its emergency rapid response on August 30, 2022, starting from the most affected regions of Sindh and Balochistan.

Alight has marked 18 districts across Pakistan to deliver response and recovery services, with a particular emphasis on the remotest and least-attended communities.

Emergency Relief Activities

Alight Pakistan activated its disaster response coordination cell on 28th August 2022, by mobilizing its field teams. Team Pakistan also reached out to various partners and raised $100k within 48 hours to immediately start the emergency response. By 30th August 2022, the emergency response was initiated in Sibbi, Larkana, Jhal Magsi, and Rajanpur areas, and now we are providing emergency assistance in 21 districts, as described above.

Distribution of Food and Non-food Items

Alight is providing food in the form of family packages for at least 10,000 people in the targeted areas. Alight is also supplying non-food items (NFIs), including household utensils and jerry cans to store clean water

Distribution of Health and Hygiene Supplies

We are distributing mosquito nets, We are also making available hygiene and women dignity kits.

Early Flood Recovery Plan

Alight is prepared to engage in emergency flood recovery work along with its partners and donors, over a span of 4-6 months at a minimum. Here is what we are doing, and what we propose to do in the coming weeks:

Emergency Medical Care and Mental Health Support

In order to immediately address the absence of medical assistance for the people affected by the floods, Alight is supporting one of its partners, IMANA, to set up 80 medical field camps in 15 districts, including the provision of medical boats and equipping mobile medical teams.

Lost lives, injury, displacement, and damage to property resulting from disasters present major challenges for individuals and society at large. Problems that an individual faced prior to a disaster, whether psychological or social in nature, can be exacerbated by the chaos following a disaster. Alight is keenly exploring partnership opportunities with academia and mental health institutions to develop mental health guidelines and short trainings for health workers and field staff.

Preventive Health Services

Floods can potentially increase the transmission of water and vector-borne diseases, such as typhoid fever, cholera, and malaria, among others, and as the most common risk associated with flooding is the contamination of drinking-water facilities and standing water, which can be a breeding site for mosquitoes. Alight, therefore, with the support of its partner Doctors Worldwide, will pay special attention to the following preventive measures:

  • Ensuring uninterrupted provision of safe drinking water
  • Promoting good hygienic practices by providing hygiene kits
  • Distribution of Safe Birthing Kits to pregnant mothers
  • Supporting the highly important need for the continuation of childhood vaccine programs to help prevent outbreaks such as measles and cholera, which kill under age 5 rapidly

Nutrition in Emergencies

[an estimated 73,000 Pakistani mothers are due to give birth next month]

Nutrition in emergencies (NiE) has two objectives: preventing deaths and protecting peoples’ right to nutrition. When disaster strikes, people who are already malnourished become more vulnerable to illness and death. The communities affected by the emergency are also at risk of malnutrition because of lack of food or only access to inadequate food and water, poor sanitation and lack of access to health services. Alight, in partnership with Doctors Worldwide, has tailored out a program to provide the following:

  • Providing Micronutrients and vitamins to pregnant and lactating mothers
  • Encouraging breastfeeding and provide infant formula where necessary to prevent the severe malnutrition of children

Provision of Medicines and Medical Supplies

Alight in collaboration with logistic companies is establishing a supply-chain mechanism to warehouse and distribute essential medicines and medical supplies to the government and non-governmental organizations working in emergency medical care. IMANA has already pledged supplies worth US$ 1 million.